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1994

Publication lists

Adams, N.J. 1994. Patterns and impacts of oiling of African Penguins Spheniscus demersus: 1981-1991. Biological Conservation 68:35-41.

Allan, D.G. 1994. The abundance and movements of Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii. Ostrich 65:95-105.

Allan, D. & Jenkins, A. 1994. Editorial. Gabar 9(2):1.

Boobyer, M.G. & Hockey, P.A.R. 1994. Dietary opportunism in the Karoo Korhaan: consequence of a sedentary lifestyle in an unpredictable environment. Ostrich 65:32-38.

Brooke, R.K. 1994. Subspeciation studies and our knowledge of migration and other movements in southern African birds. Ostrich 65:49-53.

Brooke, R.K. 1994. Review: Taxonomy and identification of steamer-ducks (Anatidae: Tachyeres) (Livezey & Humphrey). Ostrich 65:348.

Brooke, R.K. 1994. Review: I - Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions, vol. 1: species limits and distribution (Dowsett & Dowsett-Lemaire); II - A contribution to the distribution and taxonomy of Afrotropical and Malagasy birds (Dowsett & Forbes-Watson). Ostrich 65:349-350.

Brooke, R.K. & Crowe, T.M. 1994. Review: The birds of Pakistan. Volume 2: Passeriformes (Roberts). Auk 111:783-784.

Cooper, J. 1994. Seabird mortality from longline fisheries: evidence from Marion and Gough Islands. CCAMLR WG-IMALF-94:1-6.

Cooper, J. 1994. Review: Cormorants, darters, and pelicans of the world (Johnson). Ostrich 65:348.

Cooper, J., Avenant, N.J. & Lafite, P.W. 1994. Airdrops and King Penguins: a potential conservation problem at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Polar Record 30:277-282.

Cooper, J., Bester, M.N., Plös, A.L. & Bloomer, J.P. 1994. Demography and doubts: effects of human disturbance on Wandering Albatrosses and giant petrels at Marion Island (abstract). In: Fraser, W.R., ed. Workshop report: Workshop on researcher-seabird interactions, Monticello MI, U.S.A., 15-17 July 1993. Washington, DC: Polar Oceans Research Group, Montana State University. pp. 37.

Cooper, J. & Davis, B. 1994. A review of research and management policies at southern islands - a visit to Macquarie Island. Australian Antarctic and Subantarctic Research Program: report to the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research 36:122-123.

Cooper, J. & Ryan, P.G. 1994. Management plan for the Gough Island Wildlife Reserve. Edinburgh, Tristan da Cunha: Government of Tristan da Cunha.

Cooper, J. & Woehler, E.J. 1994. Consumption of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) by seabirds during summer in the Prydz Bay region, Antarctica. In: El-Sayed, S.Z., ed. Southern Ocean ecology: the BIOMASS perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 247-260.

Crawford, R.J.M., Dyer, B.M. & Brooke, R.K. 1994. Breeding nomadism in southern African seabirds: constraints, causes and conservation. Ostrich 65:231-246.

Crowe, T.M. 1994. Review: Roberts birds of southern Africa. Auk 111:782-783.

Crowe, T.M. 1994. Morphometrics, phylogenetic models and cladistics: means to an end or much ado about nothing? Cladistics 10:77-84.

Crowe, T.M., Essop, M.F., Allan, D.G., Brooke, R.K. & Komen, J. 1994. `Overlooked' units of comparative and conservation biology: a case study of a small African bustard, the Black Korhaan Eupodotis afra. Ibis 136:166-175.

Crowe, T.M., Isahakia, M.A. & Knox, E.B. 1994. Research and training priorities in biological conservation: African solutions to African problems. South African Journal of Science 90:517-518.

Crowe, T.M., Ryan, P.G., Essop, M.F., Brooke, R.K., Hockey, P.A.R., & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. Species as the `currency' of conservation: the Karoo/Dune/Red Lark complex of south-western Africa. In: Forey, P.L., Humphries, C.J. & Vane-Wright, R.I., eds. Systematics and conservation evaluation, Systematics Association special, vol 50. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 229-234.

Dastych, H. & Harris, J. 1994. A new species of the genus Hebesuncus from the Antarctic nunataks. Entomologisches Mitteilungen der Zoologisches Museum Hamburg 11:139-145.

Dean, W.R.J. & Bond, W.J. 1994. Apparent avian extinctions from islands in a man-made lake, South Africa. Ostrich 65:7-13.

Dean, W.R.J. & Lombard, A.T. 1994. The protection of nomadic birds in the semi-arid Karoo: the problems of stochastic rainfall and patchy habitat use by larks (extended abstract). Journal für Ornithologie 135:281.

Dean, W.R.J. & Macdonald, I.A.W. 1994. Historical changes in stocking rates of domestic livestock as a measure of semi-arid and arid rangeland degradation in the Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 26:281-298.

Dean, W.R.J., Midgley J.J. & Stock, W.D. 1994. The distribution of mistletoes in South Africa: patterns of species richness and host choice. Journal of Biogeography 21:503-510.

Dean, W.R.J. & Milton, S.J. 1994. Semi-arid rangelands in the south-western United States: used, abused and in need of rescue. South African Journal of Science 90:261-262.

Dean, W.R.J., Milton, S.J., Ryan, P.G. & Moloney, C.L. 1994. The role of disturbance in the establishment of indigenous and alien plants at Inaccessible and Nightingale Islands. Vegetatio 113:13-23.

Dean, W.R.J., Milton, S.J., Siegfried, W.R. & Jarvis, M.J.F. 1994. Diet, mobility and reproductive potential of Ostriches: successful tactics for life in arid regions. In: Van Hoven, W., Ebedes, H. & Conroy, A., eds. Wildlife ranching: a celebration of diversity - Proceedings of the 3rd International Wildlife Ranching Symposium. Pretoria: Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria. pp. 8-16.

Drinkrow, D.R., Cherry, M.I. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. The role of natural history museums in preserving biodiversity in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 90:470-479.

Du Plessis, M.A. 1994. Physiology and behaviour in Cooperatively-breeding Green Woodhoopoes (extended abstract). Journal für Ornithologie 135:437.

Du Plessis, M.A. 1994. Cooperative breeding in the Trumpeter Hornbill Bycanistes bucinator. Ostrich 65:45-47.

Du Plessis, M.A. 1994. Review: Roberts birds of southern Africa (Maclean). South African Journal of Zoology 29:197.

Du Plessis, M.A., Weathers, W.W. & Koenig, W.D. 1994. Energetic benefits of communal roosting by Acorn Woodpeckers during the nonbreeding season. Condor 96:631-637.

Du Plessis, M.A. & Williams, J.B. 1994. Communal cavity roosting in Green Woodhopoes: consequences for energy expenditure and the seasonal pattern of mortality. Auk 111:292-299.

Fraser, M.W., Ryan, P.G., Dean, W.R.J., Briggs, D.J. & Moloney, C.L. 1994. Biology of the Tristan Thrush Nesocichla eremita. Ostrich 65:14-25.

Grant, W.S., Duffy, D.C. & Leslie, R.W. 1994. Allozyme phylogeny of Spheniscus penguins. Auk 111:716-720.

Gremillet, D.J.H. & Plös, A.L. 1994. The use of stomach temperature records for the calculation of daily food intake in cormorants. Journal of Experimental Biology 189:105-115.

Herremans, M., Hunter, N.D. & Allan, D. 1994. The display of the Short-clawed Lark Certhilauda chuana and comments on the genus Certhilauda. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 114:27-31.

Hockey, P.A.R. 1994. Man as a component of the littoral predator spectrum: a conceptual overview. In: Siegfried, W.R., ed. Rocky shores: exploitation in Chile and South Africa, Ecological Studies, no. 103. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 17-31.

Hockey, P.A.R. & Boobyer, M.G. 1994. Territoriality and determinants of group size in the Karoo Korhann Eupodotis vigorsii. Journal of Arid Environments 28:325-332.

Hockey, P.A.R. & Branch, G.M. 1994. Conserving marine biodiversity on the African coast: implications of a terrestrial perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine & Freshwater Ecosystems 4:345-362.

Hockey, P.A.R., Lombard, A.T. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. South Africa's commitment to preserving biodiversity: can we see the wood for the trees? South African Journal of Science 90:105-107.

Jenkins, A. 1994. Review: The Peregrine Falcon (2nd ed.) (Ratcliff). Ostrich 65:48.

Jenkins, A.R. 1994. The influence of habitat on the distribution and abundance of Peregrine and Lanner Falcons in South Africa. Ostrich 65:281-290.

Jenkins, A.R. & Van Zyl, A.J. 1994. Flush hunting and nest robbing by Peregrine Falcons. Journal of Raptor Research 28:118-119.

Kaletja, B. & Hockey, P.A.R. 1994. Distribution of shorebirds at the Berg River Estuary, South Africa, in relation to foraging mode, food supply and environmental factors. Ibis 136:233-239.

Kemp, A. & Crowe, T. 1994. A morphometric analysis of Accipiter species. In: Meyburg, B.-U. & Chancellor, R.D., eds. Raptor conservation today. Proceedings of the IV World Conference on Birds of Prey and Owls, 10-17 May 1992, Berlin. Berlin: World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls. pp. 651-665.

Kemp, A.C. & Crowe, T.M. 1994. Morphometrics of falconets and hunting behaviour of the Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius. Ibis 136:44-49.

Little, R.M. 1994. Marked dietary differences between sympatric Feral Rock Doves and Rock Pigeons. South African Journal of Zoology 29:33-35.

Little, R.M. & Crowe, T.M. 1994. Conservation implications of deciduous fruit farming in the Elgin district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 49:185-198.

Little, R.M., Crowe, T.M. & Johnson, P.G. 1994. Farming and Greywing Francolin: the co-product equation (abstract). In: van Hoven, W., Ebedes, H. & Conroy, A., eds. Wildlife ranching: a celebration of diversity - Proceedings of the 3rd International Wildlife Ranching Symposium. Pretoria: Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria. pp. 389.

Little, R.M., Crowe, T.M., Johnson, P.G. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. The FitzPatrick Institute's Gamebird Research Programme: science, education, socioeconomics and conservation (poster abstract). In: van Hoven, W., Ebedes, H. & Conroy, A., eds. Wildlife ranching: a celebration of diversity - Proceedings of the 3rd International Wildlife Ranching Symposium. Pretoria: Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria. pp. 390.

Little, R.M. & Earlé, R.A. 1994. Lack of avian Haematozoa in the Phasianinae of Robben Island. Ostrich 65:343-344.

Lloyd, P., Hulley, P.E. & Craig, A.J.F.K. 1994. Song in the Blackeyed Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus as an indicator of philopatry. Ostrich 65:248-249.

Malan, G. 1994. Distribution of nests of the Pied Crow Corvus albus on telephone poles in the Upper Karoo. Ostrich 65:44-45.

Malan, G. & Jenkins, A.R. 1994. The hunting association between Rednecked Falcons and Gabar Goshawks in the Kalahari: mutualism or interspecific Cooperation? Gabar 9(1):2-5.

Malan, G., Little, R.M. & Crowe, T.M 1994. Temporal and spatial patterns of abundance and breeding activity of Namaqua Sandgrouse in South Africa. South African Journal of Zoology 29:162-167.

Marshall, D.J., Crafford, J.E., Krynauw, J.R., Drummond, A.E. & Newton, I.P. 1994. The biology, physico-chemistry and geology of a nunatak pond at Valterkulten, western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 24:3-10.

Meadows, M.E., Milton, S.J., Dean, W.R.J. & Hoffmann, M.T. 1994. Desertifikation im Bereich der semiariden Karroo, Südafrika: eine Zusammenschau und Neubewertung. Geoökodynamik 15: 219-242.

Milton, S.J. 1994. Small scale re-seeding trials in Karoo rangeland: effects of rainfall, clearing and grazing on seedling survival. African Journal of Range and Forestry Science 11:54-58.

Milton, S.J. 1994. Growth, flowering and recruitment of shrubs in grazed and protected rangeland in the arid Karoo, South Africa. Vegetatio 111:17-27.

Milton, S.J., Dean, W.R.J., Du Plessis, M.A. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. A conceptual model of arid rangeland degradation: the escalating cost of declining productivity. BioScience 44:70-76.

Milton, S.J., Dean, W.R.J. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. Food selection by Ostrich in southern Africa. Journal of Wildlife Management 58:234-248.

Milton, S.J. & Hoffman, M.T. 1994. The application of state-and-transition models to rangeland research and management in arid succulent and semi-arid grassy Karoo. South African Journal of Range and Forage Science 11:18-26.

Moloney, C.L., Cooper, J., Ryan, P.G. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. Use of a population model to assess the impact of longline fishing on Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans populations. Biological Conservation 70:195-203.

Nicolai, V. 1994. Ökologische Bedeutungen der Borke von Baeumen für Tierbesiedlungen in Regenerationsprozese in Waldoekosystem. Zoologische Beiträge 35:79-102.

Nunn, G.B., Arctander, P., Bretagnolle, V., Cooper, J., Robertson, C. & Robertson, G. 1994. Molecular phylogeny of the albatrosses. Journal für Ornithologie 135:352.

Olson, S.L. 1994. Early Pliocene grebes, button-quail, and kingfishers from south-western Cape Province, South Africa (Aves: Podicipedidae, Turnicidae, Halcyonidae). Annals of the South African Museum 104:49-61.

Rebelo, A.G. 1994. Using the Proteaceae to design a nature reserve network and determine conservation priorities for the Cape Floristic Region. In: Forey, P.L., Humphries, C.J. & Vane-Wright, R.I., eds. Systematics and conservation evaluatio, Systematics Association special, vol. 50. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 375-396.

Ryan, P. & Moloney, C. 1994. Range extension and display flight of the Cuckoo Hawk in the southwestern Cape Province, South Africa. Gabar 9(2):25.

Ryan, P.G., Moloney, C.L. & Hudon, J. 1994. Color variation and hybridization among Nesospiza buntings on Inaccessible Island, Tristan da Cunha. Auk 111:314-327.

Ryan, P.G. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. Die Lebensfähigkeit kleiner Populationsgrößen von Vogelarten: ein empirische Untersuchung der Anfälligkeit. In: Remmert, H., ed. Kleinstmögliche Populationen bei Tieren, Nationalpark Berchtesgaden Forschungsbericht, no. 27. Berchtesgaden: Nationalpark Berchtesgaden. pp. 20-31.

Ryan, P.G. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. The viability of small populations of birds: an empirical investigation of vulnerability. In: Remmert, H., ed. Kleinstmögliche Populationen bei Tieren. Nationalpark Berchtesgaden Forschungsbericht, 27. Berchtesgaden: Nationalpark Berchtesgaden. pp. 6-19.

Ryan, P.G. & Siegfried, W.R. 1994. The viability of small populations of birds: an empirical investigation of vulnerability. In: Remmert, H., ed. Minimum animal populations, Ecological Studies, no. 106. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 3-22)

Siegfried, W.R. 1994. Preface. In: Siegfried, W.R., ed. Rocky shores: exploitation in Chile and South Africa, Ecological Studies, no. 103. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. v-vii.

Siegfried, W.R. & Brooke, R.K. 1994. Santa Rosalia's blessing: cryptic and under-recognized species in southern Africa. South African Journal of Science 90:57-58.

Siegfried, W.R., Hockey, P.A.R. & Branch, G.M. 1994. The exploitation of intertidal and subtidal biotic resources of rocky shores in Chile and South Africa - an overview. In: Siegfried, W.R., ed. Rocky shores: exploitation in Chile and South Africa, Ecological Studies, no. 103. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 1-15.

Turpie, J.K. 1994. Why do plovers have a stereotyped behaviour? Wader Study Group Bulletin 75:39.

Turpie, J.K. & Crowe, T.M. 1994. Patterns of distribution, diversity and endemism of larger African mammals. South African Journal of Zoology 29:19-32.

Van Heezik, Y.M., Cooper, J. & Seddon, P.J. 1994. Population characteristics and morphometrics of Angulate Tortoises on Dassen Island, South Africa. Journal of Herpetology 28:447-453.

Van Heezik, Y.M., Seddon, P.J., Cooper, J. & Plös, A.L. 1994. Interrelationships between feeding frequency, timing and outcome in King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus: are King Penguins biennial breeders? Ibis 136:279-284.

Van Zyl, A.J. 1994. A comparison of the diet of the Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus in South Africa and Europe. Bird Study 41:124-130.

Van Zyl, A.J. 1994. The influence of the environment on breeding success of a suburban population of Crested Barbets Trachyphonus vaillantii. Ostrich 65:291-296.

Van Zyl, A.J. 1994. Review: Raptor conservation today (Meyburg & Chancellor, eds.). Ostrich 65:315.

Van Zyl, A.J. 1994. Sex-related local movement in adult Rock Kestrels in the eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Wilson Bulletin 106:145-148.

Van Zyl, A.J., Jenkins, A.R. & Allan, D.G. 1994. Evidence for seasonal movements of Rock Kestrels Falco tinnunculus and Lanner Falcons F. biarmicus in South Africa. Ostrich 65:111-121.

Wiegand, T., Milton, S.J. & Wissel, C. 1994. Ein raeumliches Simulationsmodell für eine Pflanzengemeinschaft in der semiariden Karoo, Südafrika. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 23:407-416.

Williams, J.B. 1994. Ecological energetics of desert birds in Africa and Australia (extended abstract). Journal für Ornithologie 135:280.

Williams, J.B. 1994. Big bird of the Namib: how can the world's driest habitat support the world's largest bird? Living Bird 13(4):14-19.